In summer 1546 Emperor Charles V was preparing to go to war against the Protestant princes. What is today known as the Schmalkaldic war became the first religious conflict on German soil and culminated with the battle of Mühlberg. It took place on April 24, 1547 and ended with a complete defeat of the Schmalkaldic army and the capture of the Saxon Elector. At Mühlberg, Charles V. reached the apex of his power.
With a permanent exhibition on the battle of Mühlberg the Museum Mühlberg 1547 offers fascinating insights into the play of powers in the early 16th century. The modern display was reopened in 2015 and gives extensive background on the warring parties as well as on the soldiers who took part in the battle. Various media installation allow visitors to look at the conflict from different perspectives. The museum is part of the Central German Places of the Reformation and was awarded the European Heritage Label. It currently carries out essential preparations to add Charles' V. Central German route to the Network of European Cultural Routes of Charles V.