The Emperor Charles V Routes Network has continued this afternoon with its series of web seminars dedicated to the celebration of the fifth centenary of the coronation of Emperor Charles V.
On this occasion, the third of the webinars was held in the afternoon of 19th November 2020, attended by a total of 235 registered participants from around twenty countries (Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Finland, France, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), who were able to listen to the presentations of Carlos Belloso Martín, Dr. Carlos V. in Modern History at the Universidad Europea Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid; Francesco Totaro, member of the Scientific Committee of the Consortium of Routes of the Emperor Charles V. International Cultural Centre "L. Einaudi" International Cultural Centre in San Severo (Italy); and Encarnación Sánchez García, Professor at the Oriental University of Naples, Italy, with the participation of Quintín Correas, Managing Director of the Network, and all under the moderation of Miguel Ángel Martín Ramos, President of the Network of Routes of Emperor Charles V.
In his speech, entitled "The return of Charles V to Castile after his Coronation in Aachen: justice and royal pardon for the Comuneros", Carlos Belloso, as well as making a historical review of the Comunero uprising, also touched on the War of the Communities of Castile, a rebellion that called for a response from the monarch as the maximum administrator of justice. "During his stay in Palencia, the pardon that was to be given to the communal cities was drawn up, as well as to the communal people as individuals, who were also pardoned for their crimes and offences, except for around two hundred, identified by name and surname, who were exempted from the amnesty. This list included all the prominent leaders and communal farmers, some of whom were executed, while the immense majority had to go into exile to avoid the justice of the Emperor falling upon them," he explained at one point in his speech.
For his part, Francesco Totaro spoke about "The pardon of the penalty of exile. A single day to change the history of a life" in his intervention at this web seminar dedicated to the fifth centenary of the coronation of Emperor Charles. This title, as he explained, is based on "a historical fact which, thanks to a set of circumstances and situations desired and sought by the future Emperor, resulted in the granting of a privilege. This allowed a man to receive forgiveness, changing his life forever, as well as the history of an entire judicial system. This man was the magnificent and noble Neapolitan Guevara de Guevara, a man of considerable economic prestige and great influence, who came from the historical branch of the Guevara, who settled in the Kingdom of Naples in the 15th century following Alfonso of Aragon. A grace granted at the ceremony of consecration of the monarch as Emperor in response to the plea made to him by the electors of the Holy Empire. The penalty of exile was imposed on Guevara for his part in the murder of a certain Mark Anthony Monaco - about whom there are only suppositions - in the city of Naples, prohibiting Guevara from going within two miles of the city of Naples. Finally, this nobleman was pardoned. And there are two reasons that explain the granting of the pardon by the emperor. The first is the support of the German electors for the emperor. The second would be to do justice to an unproven crime.
Finally, Professor Encarnación Sánchez García, whose talk focused on "Paths of the Spanish language between Naples and Rome. From Charles V to Juan de Valdés", reflected on the significance of this protocolary use of Spanish, relating it to Juan de Valdés' "Dialogue of the Language", written at the end of 1535, during Charles V's stay in Naples. "The ceremonial journey that Charles V made through Italy after the journey to Tunis had moments of great symbolic importance, including the Emperor's entry into Naples, the capital of the Regno, and the official farewell of Pope Paul III and the papal court on 17 April 1536. On both occasions, the Emperor used Spanish for his eloquent acts".
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
Finally, it should be recalled that the webinars dedicated to the celebration of the 500th anniversary of the coronation of Emperor Charles V will continue on 3 December at 4.30 p.m. CET (in French). Those who wish to follow it live can register here.
The recording of the webinar is now available on the YouTube channel of the Network of Routes of Emperor Charles V.
You can also watch the two previous webinars organised on 23rd October and 5th November around the 5th Centenary of the Coronation of Charles V: Dreams and Nightmares of an Empire.